Derided by Allied propaganda which made it out to be an air force equipped solely with elderly biplanes, ineffective in attack or always in retreat, the Regia Aeronautica was overshadowed by its more ruthless Axis partner, the Luftwaffe. Using research from a mass of original documentation, including personal accounts and combat diaries, the author takes an objective view and shows that the men who flew the Macchis, Fiats and Savoias were no less skilled or determined than their opponents. Area commands and theatres are discussed together with squadron allocations, anti-shipping operations, aircrew and details of the top fighter aces. Comprehensive tables provide information on aircraft equipment, squadron allocation and unit histories. Coupled with drawings from original aircraft handbooks, almost 250 photographs and over 100 colour profiles and unit badges, Courage Alone provides a detailed reference source for historians, modellers and enthusiasts alike.